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Welcome to Our Landscape Design Section!

Introduction to Landscape Design

You can add beauty and street appeal by designing and planning a makeover for your residential or commercial properties. Landscape Design is a matter of incorporating the softscapes of your location, which includes: plants, shrubs, flowers and trees, along with the hardscape elements of your site, such as: paved patios, driveways and courtyards.


When planning your Landscape Design you should consider some basic elements or principles of Design. There are four basic design elements to consider when planning to reinvent or to establish a new landscape site. The elements that must be taken into consideration for both softscapes (plants, shrubs, flowers) and hardscapes (paved patios and driveways) contained in your property are: Colour, Form, Line and Texture.


When we talk about colour and colour schemes for Landscape Design, we are referring to colours that blend or complement each other. There are three basic colour schemes. Monochromatic: consists of different shades and tints of one colour. Analogous: includes colours that are side-by-side on a colour chart, for example: green, blue-green and blue. Complementary: colour schemes which include colours on either side of a colour chart, such as: red and green.

When creating and using colours and colour schemes for your Landscape Design, it is important to factor in the colours of your house bricks, patio pavers, driveway pavers, plants and flowers. Blending colours and colour schemes is great, but you could also go for colour contrasts, which is sure to create a dramatic design impact!


When we talk about Form in terms of Landscape Design, we are referring to the size of the site, and the relative size of objects that are located within that site. This includes the size and shape of plants, trees, garden plots and also paved patios, driveways, walkways and courtyards. You must consider the growth and form of all plants and trees that are to be planted, keep in mind when planning your landscape design how big such plants will grow and whether they will still fit into the same design idea.


The Line element of Landscape Design involves the way in which the eye moves over the site and the even flow of visual aspect. The use of Line in your Landscape Design comes into place when you decide on using straight lines or curved lines in your floor plan structure. Straight lines create a very dramatic, modern feel, while curved lines evoke a sense of calmness with smooth flowing lines that don’t have harsh edges!


The Texture simply refers to the various textural components of your landscape. This includes the softscapes, which are the plants, trees, flowers, ferns and shrubs, while other elements such as your paved patios and entertaining areas, concrete driveways and walkways, are the hardscapes of your landscape design. The combination of these two textures in your design is very important for a modern landscape setting!

Landscape Ideas

Following these design rules can seem simple on paper but when it comes to incorporating these elements into the one design, things can get confusing. What you need to do is start off with gathering some Landscape Ideas, things that you may have seen in magazines or on television, particular elements that appeal to you and that you would like to include in your landscape. Finding Landscape Ideas can be as simple as taking a walk through your neighbourhood or driving through an area with many newly built homes, with newly designed landscapes.

Residential Landscape Design

Residential landscaping for your property is all about tasteful visual appeal in the overall presentation that provides beauty, colour, character, style, elegance and enhancement when using plants, flowers, trees, ornamental & structural features. Just about every home owner wants their property to look its best, and that’s the great thing about landscaping, it’s an individual want and not need; where you can create individual beautiful landscaped gardens within your budget as you don’t have to spend thousands of dollars.

One of the biggest mistakes that some home owners make is not paying attention to the design aspects and to not utilizing the allowed space for landscaping applications. A successful residential landscape design should be entirely focused on the size and the shape as this plays an important role so you know primarily if there will be limitations or not in the landscape design that you would most prefer for your property.

With residential landscaping, you have two options, you can take charge of the landscaping project yourself with basic knowledge and a few basic skills where you can collate useful information and helpful guidelines from various sources regarding residential landscape designs and ideas that you can implement. The other option is to employ our services to design a perfect landscaping application that suits your property requirements and meets your expectations that you will be happy with.

Residential Landscape Design Is What You Have To Work With

In residential presentation there is no right or wrong ideas in terms of landscaping correctly, as every homeowners’ ideas are different and every home’s surrounding areas are also different which allows the creativity of ones designs to be simple or they can be extravagant, but in the eyes of the designer and what he or she has to work with, remember it’s all about the elements of balance within.

There are many ways you can get ideas on residential landscape designs where you can selectively choose to incorporate into your own landscaping design. One way is take a walk or drive in your neighbourhood to see how other home owners have used the landscape design to their advantage or you might actually disagree on the chosen design and learn from their mistakes as you see it and perhaps change the design you already have in mind. Other ideas on designs are available in various sources that include: garden magazines, internet, Garden Centres and garden shows on TV.

Residential Designs to Suit Your Land Shape and Size

There are a few factors to consider when planning your garden design to suit your land size and shape. Do a rough sketch on paper on the proposed design you have in mind as that will initially give you a good indication as to what it will look like. If the shape of your land is irregular and shapes into a triangular point, a good suggestion is you can create landscaping designs to be positioned in the point of the yard, as this will offer more space and room to move. Statues and water features can create focal points in the irregular land space.

Landscape Irrigation – Water Drainage

Water drainage is an integral component of a successful and healthy landscape. Especially in regions where there are heavy wet seasons, water drainage must be addressed at the development stage of a landscape project to ensure a beautiful healthy landscape for many years to come. A sufficient water drainage system will reduce your gardening and maintenance time and keep your lawns, trees and plants happy and healthy.

Pavement Water Drainage

Water drainage for a paved area will prevent excess water from spilling over onto the lawn and therefore creating muddy patches. Another problem that can arise is the presence of excess water during wet seasons may eventually result is a moss and algae build up on the pavers. This is far more serious if there is a timber decking, wood may begin to rot and erode.

Driveway Water Drainage

Driveway paving can face the exact same problems that can occur on a pavement. If not properly drained, the excess water may eventually cause a build-up of moss and algae on the pavers. Not only that, but the excess water can be dangerous for vehicles and also pedestrians. When planning the development of a paved or concrete driveway, if the land is completely flat, the installation of a channel drain will prevent excess water from entering the garage or the front door.

Lawn Water Drainage

It is important to regularly maintain your lawn to keep your landscape looking beautiful. If you notice excessive water patches days after heavy rain, this means that a water drainage system is needed. One indication is that if the neighbour’s property slopes down towards your property, chances are that in heavy rain, the water will flow to the lowest point, which may be in your landscape. Installing French drains will allow the excess water to soak down into the underground drains and direction to a ditch or soak away.

Roof Water Drainage

Roof water drainage is another important factor to consider. The positioning of the down pipes from the roof of a home can affect your landscape. If there is insufficient water drainage system to transport the water flow into a drain, excess water will fill an area and create a large muddy patch. Overtime this area will be become useless as it will be difficult to grow grass or plants. When there is heavy rain, if you begin to notice excess water near the home, it is wise to have your gutters and down pipes checked, and also clean them regularly to prevent blockage.

The Effects of Poor Water Drainage

  • Areas of the lawn will become muddy and unattractive
  • After periods of heavy rain, it will take a longer time for the surface to dry, and therefore any traffic will damage the lawn
  • Plants, flowers and grass will die and that area may not be healthy enough for new plants and grass to grow
  • Poor drainage can, in some cases, cause fungal disease
  • If your landscape is damaged, it may be very expensive to renovate or replace

Landscape Drainage

Residential landscaped gardens are beautiful and stunning. They feature gorgeous plants, flowers, trees, rockery and water features. Maintaining your landscape is simple and easy if you conduct the right tasks to keep it looking great and fantastic. Landscape drainage is just as import on your property as irrigation systems.

Good landscape drainage will keep your landscaping free of puddle water which could cause several problems. Lots of water in landscaped areas due to poor landscape drainage could lead to many serious problems such as; plant disease, flowers dying, trees rotting, rockery shifting, and hardscapes moving out of place.

The Importance of Good Landscape Drainage

Landscape drainage throughout your residential property should be firstly discussed upon building the landscape because it is very important and highly responsible for the well-being of your landscaped garden and turf areas. Good landscape drainage will also help your lawns and turf to be healthy and green by keeping it free of excessive water. Excessive water on lawns can cause soil compaction and make walking across the lawn a muddy experience.

Landscape drainage is just as important as your homes drainage. There are various different types of drainage systems which can be put in place around your residential landscape areas.

Surface Landscape Drainage Systems

Surface drainage systems have been designed to collect water which is lying on the surface of your landscaped, hardscape, garden and turf areas to further prevent flooding types of problems. The water entering the surface drainage system will be caught in a catch basin which filters and keeps all debris and dirt and lets the water flow downwards throughout the piping system. This type of landscape drainage system can be connected to water tanks which enable homeowners to re-use the water back in the gardens. The drainage system is easily installed and comes in a variety of styles and sizes.

Downspout Landscape Drainage

Downspout drainage is designed to carry roof water away from landscaped gardens and turf areas which could result in excessive flooding. Downspout drainage consists of a PVC pipe being attached to your roofing drainage and being positioned so that it will not lead or carry water into any part of your landscaped area. Downspout drainage will not move water completely from your property it will just assist homeowners with moving the excessive water to a place which needs it most.

Sub Surface Landscape Drainage

A sub surface drainage system is a form of underground drainage. This type of landscape drainage system collects water from saturated soils, turfs, and garden beds and transfers the water to another place. Sub surface drains can help carry water away from sensitive plants which are prone to plant disease. Underground drains can help move water from low spots in your backyards which are prone to excessive water.

Landscape Drain Grates

Landscape drain grates are known to be the outer and top surface of the actual drain system itself. They come in a variety of different shapes and styles but they are all common for their filtering top cover, which are all generally the same. Some drain grates are suitable to different areas. Round drain grates are commonly used in turf and grass areas. Squared drain grates are used on hardscapes areas such as; driveways and pool areas.

Sprinkler Systems

Residential landscape feature many natural wonders which include; trees, flowers, plants, water features, hardscapes and garden accessories. To keep your landscaping gardens looking gorgeous daily watering is required. Sometimes is can be a hassle because we don’t find the time to do so. But by implementing a landscape irrigation system you will save the hassles of doing it yourself. Landscape irrigation systems can be set to timers to ensure that your gardens get the daily dose of water they need. There are various different types of landscape irrigation that are suited to all landscape areas.

Sprinkler systems are the most commonly used landscape irrigation. They are efficient and available in many sizes and flowing rates to suit your landscape requirements. Sprinkler systems can be as simple as attaching them to your garden hose and placing them in the middle of your yard to ensure that all areas of your landscaping receive a required amount of water. There are larger systems which require irrigation installation; this type of sprinkler system is designed for larger landscaped areas.

How A Sprinkler System Works?

Most sprinkler systems are part of landscape irrigation which consists of plumbing parts, piping and control equipment. The piping is connected to your homes water plumbing system. The control system opens the internal valves to operate the sprinkler system when it is scheduled to operate.

Majority of sprinkler systems are automatically operated by pumps and they all compensate for evaporation, rain fall and run offs. They require little maintenance and are built out of sturdy and durable materials which will not be affected by the sun, rain or hail.

Types of Sprinkler Systems

Your landscaping may only require a small amount of watering or it may need a lot. Sprinkler systems cater for all type of landscaping whether their small or large areas

Sprinkler systems are divided into 2 types of methods which are; spray heads and rotors.

Spray Heads

Spray heads are fixed sprinkler systems which work very similar to a shower head. There are interchangeable nozzles which can be fixed to this sort of system. The fixed nozzle will determine the pattern in which the water will flow. Watering patterns on spray heads are generally thrown in half circle, full circle, straight and angled positions. Spray heads on sprinkler systems are general spaced 15 feet apart. But homeowners can customized their own spray heads to suit the design requirements of their landscaping. 20 to 30 PSI of water pressure is required to operate the spray heads to their full capacity.


Rotor sprinklers are known to throw water back and forth over landscaped areas and lawns. They throw off bursts of water but are only intended to be used for a short period of time due to the amount of water they throw. 10 to 15 minutes is generally enough to water all areas of your landscape by using a rotor.

Small rotors are suited for residential landscape and larger rotors are used in parks and playing fields. The rotor heads are generally spaced between 30 to 35 feet apart and the water pressure is thrown at 35 PSI. Rotors are a great lawn sprinkler system option for larger residential home sites with a lot of lawn area.

Residential Water Feature

Outdoor living and outdoor entertainment has escalated the popularity in residential landscaping. Many homeowners are investing thousands of rands to present their front and back yard with many softscaping materials as well as hardscaping products. Landscaping products provide external beauty, enhancement and best of all an enjoyable atmosphere that has character and style.

Hardscaping products such as a water feature can provide such elegance in visual appearance and the sound of trickling water creates harmony as well as a relaxed atmosphere. There are many water features available that will provide all the beauty and enhancement as external features on your property. Water features are specifically made for outdoor usage and will withstand all weather conditions.

They are also available in a large variety of styles and designs that include classical designs, contemporary and simple basic designs for your selection. There are also various materials that water features are made from, so you have a material preference of your choice in selection.

Water Feature Material Types

You as the home owner have the choice of what type of material you would most likely prefer to complement your landscaped surroundings and gardens. The following types of water feature materials are the most common for residential external features. They are as follows:

  • Stone
  • Slate
  • Copper
  • Cast Iron
  • Marble
  • Stainless Steel
  • Glass
  • Clay

Each one of the above material types are suitable as water features. The main benefits are that all these materials are all specially made and produced to last a very long time as they all are water resistant and will not rust. Many homeowners choose a water feature to be implemented into their pool landscaping design.

Water Feature Styles

Some suggestions that home owners need to consider is what style and design will best suit and complement your specific landscaped gardens and surrounding areas. A water feature can be featured in a focal or central position in your garden. Or if you have a dull and boring cornered that requires a little character and pizzazz that is a wise choice also. One of the exiting aspects of water features is the availability of thousands of designs and styles for your selection. There are also water feature styles that can be mounted on exterior brick work. Some of the more popular designs and styles include the following list and they are available in many sizes that will suit your garden size.

  • Animal Designs
  • Figurines
  • Basic Shapes
  • Unusual Shapes
  • Angelic Styles
  • Religious Statues
  • Water Falls
  • Ponds
  • Wall Mounted Fountain

Most water features come with installation instructions, however if you feel you are not confident with the installation process, we can assist you with the installation as you know it will be installed properly the first time.

Visual Beauty in Appearance and Water Sound

The benefits of an application of a water feature in your garden are; you are creating visual beauty with style character, a touch of class and somewhat uniqueness for outdoor enjoyment. The sound of trickling water is the most soothing and relaxing gesture that we all love to hear and experiment with our inner thoughts for relaxation and unwinding.

Adding Water Features to Your Garden

There is nothing more relaxing than settling down and listening to the sound of a splashing waterfall in your home. But there are a lot of things to consider when putting up a water feature at home. The cost of installation and maintenance are the two basic things you should consider if you want to have a water feature at home.

An economical way to enhance water feature is by using artificial rocks made of concrete. Rocks and stone are known as distinctive landscaping elements, but hauling large boulders into garden and then stacking them around in pond water feature requires a lot of money, effort and even equipment.

That’s the reason why an increasing number of landscape and swimming pool designers and contractors are turning to fake rock for water feature construction. Artificial rocks can be moulded, textured and coloured to look and feel exactly like a real rock formations, it can also be built onsite, which eliminates the inconvenience and expense of hauling in material to build a water feature.

Types of Water Features

Water Walls
Water walls vary in style and size; it depends on the effect you’re after. It can be sleek stainless to rustic stone. There’s a water wall style that will suit your style and your budget whether it’s a gentle trickle to soothe your nerves or a raging torrent to drown the noise of a nearby traffic.

Container Water Garden/Tub Garden
This is the best water feature for small spaces. It is also the easiest water feature to create and even this small container water garden will support fish. A tub garden planted with different kinds of plants and with fish will keep a fresh-water condition free of mosquitoes and unwanted algae. Pump is not necessary but often used for its ornamental value. Fish that prevents mosquitoes is not necessary if the flow of water into the tub sufficiently disturbs the water.

Waterfalls are an important component of pools, fountains, and streams. When building a waterfall, bear in mind that in nature they occur where rocks are a rich element within the entire landscape. Not only in the fall you can find stones, but also above, below and both sides of the fall and ensuing stream or pond. A waterfall with stones and water running down them and with no stones on either side looks completely unnatural.

Landscape Lighting

Landscape lighting provides sufficient lighting to your outdoor areas at night time. Highlight the best of what your landscape offers by installing landscape lighting to showcase the features that deserve some extra attention.

Create a focal point for a water feature, swimming pool or just use landscape lighting to emphasize your award winning gardens. Also use landscape lighting to create safe walkways through your property once the sun has gone down.

Landscape lighting also provides extra security around your property. With more light flow in otherwise pitch black areas, homeowners will have more visibility of their front and rear yards. Use various forms of lighting control systems to have your lights come on automatically. There is also a better chance of deterring burglars from entering the grounds if lit up with landscape luminary lighting.

Uses of Landscape Lighting

Landscape Lighting has an array of functions around your home and garden and can be used in a number of different applications around your property. There are many types of exterior lighting, including:

Garden Lighting

Lights in your garden beds can be a stunning feature in your landscape. They can be installed sporadically within the garden to light up the whole area, or can be used to create a focal point on a specific plant to make it stand out from the others.

Step Lighting

Make your landscape safe at night by installing Step Lighting. The homeowner has a choice of two applications; you could either install lighting directly into the surface or around the border of the steps facing inwards to create sufficient visibility.

Pool Lighting

Landscape lighting can also be used to decorate pools, water features and ponds in your yard. Going for a dip in the swimming pool on those hot summer nights will be a much more enjoyable experience if the pool is lit up. These products are water proof and are available in different colours.

Pathway Lighting

Prevent your visitors from injuring themselves by installing landscape lighting around garden pathways. Not only is pathway lighting important as a safety feature, but it also gives the homeowner the opportunity to sit back and enjoy their garden after dark.

Driveway Lighting

Driveway lighting is designed to create visibility for parking vehicles at night; they also look fantastic in the dark. Installing light rods will ensure you have a clear outlook of your driveway to park your car. Light rods can sustain the pressures of vehicles driving over them.

Benefits of Landscape Lighting

There are many benefits of installing landscaping lighting around your home or commercial property. These include:

  • Provides you and your guests with visibility after dark
  • Enjoy your garden at night time as well as during the day
  • Lights up your property at night and provides extra security for your home
  • Enhances the appearance of your property

As Landscape lighting becomes more and more popular for the home owner, the variety of products grows as well as the affordability and ease of installation. Landscape lighting designs are important to the overall appearance of your property.

There is no need to spend a fortune on Landscape lighting, as there are basics kits available for the DIY Homeowner that are very reasonably priced. It is important to keep in mind that too much lighting can spoil the effect, whereas just a few really sets the stage!

There is a wide variety of products available on the market to accommodate any area around your property or commercial site such as light poles and lamps or outdoor post lighting. You are guaranteed to find a product that will suit your needs. Most products are easy to install, very durable and fairly inexpensive. There are do-it-yourself kits available that include everything you need to safely install landscape lighting. When selecting your lighting, keep in mind that there is a large selection of solar products available which also in the long run, will save you huge installation and electricity costs.

Call us now on 00000 000 00 or email info@pavingforafrica.co.za.

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